Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a disease that affects your joint that cause pain, swelling and stiffness. This is autoimmune disease in which your body’s immune system which attacks the foreign substances such as bacteria and virus is now attacking the tissue supporting your joints. This disease occurs on more than one joints oftentimes on body side of the body. It is most commonly seen in women and older patients. You may feel sick and tired with this disease.
What Causes Rheumatoid Arthritis?
The exact cause of RA is still under research by the scientist. Some factors that might be involved such as gene inherited from the family, infections picked up from the environment or female gender is at higher risk than male.
How is Rheumatoid Arthritis treated?
The treatment goal of RA is to relieve the pain, reduce swelling and slow down the joint damage. Most commonly used medications are:
Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) – reduce the inflammation, the amount of swelling, and relief pain.
Corticosteroids – reduce inflammation, swelling and relief pain.
Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDS) and biologic response modifiers (biologics) – to reduce inflammation, swelling, pain and slow or prevent joint damage by target specific protein in the inflammatory process.
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and skin disease : https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/rheumatoid-arthritis#tab-overview