What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is known as porous bone, is a disease in which the bone mass and strength of your bone are reduced. As bone become porous, it is weak and easy for fractures during a fall. This is a common disease that the bone loss silently without symptoms. It can be prevented and treated.
Who is at risk for Osteoporosis?
Risk that cannot be changed:
Small body size
History of fracture
Risk that can be changed:
Calcium and Vitamin D intake
How is Osteoporosis Treated?
The comprehensive treatment includes proper nutrition, adequate exercise, prevent falls and therapeutic medications for prevention.
The common medications by mouth are:
Calcium and Vitamin D – Vitamin D helps the absorption of calcium and support the strength of the muscles
Bisphosphonates – prevent the loss of the bone
Estrogen replacement therapy – conserve bone mass in post-menopausal women
National Institute of Health Osteoporosis and Related Bone Disease: https://www.bones.nih.gov/health-info/bone/osteoporosis
National Osteoporosis foundation: