Osteoporosis is known as porous bone, is a disease in which the bone mass and strength of your bone are reduced. As bone become porous, it is weak and easy for fractures during a fall. This is a common disease that the bone loss silently without symptoms. It can be prevented and treated.
Who is at risk for Osteoporosis?
Risk cannot be changed: Old age
Small body size
History of fracture
Risk can be changed:
Calcium and Vitamin D intake
How is Osteoporosis Treated?
The comprehensive treatment includes proper nutrition, adequate exercise, prevent falls andtherapeutic medications for prevention.
The common medications by mouth are:
Calcium and Vitamin D – Vitamin D helps the absorption of calcium and support the strength of the muscles
Bisphosphonates – prevent the loss of the bone
3. Estrogen replacement therapy – conserve bone mass in post-menopausal women
- National Institute of Health Osteoporosis and Related Bone Disease:
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a disease that affects your joint that cause pain, swelling and stiffness. This is autoimmune disease in which your body’s immune system which attacks the foreign substances such as bacteria and virus is now attacking the tissue supporting your joints. This disease occurs on more than one joints oftentimes on body side of the body. It is most commonly seen in women and older patients. You may feel sick and tired with this disease.
What Causes Rheumatoid Arthritis?
The exact cause of RA is still under research by the scientist. Some factors that might be involved such as gene inherited from the family, infections picked up from the environment or female gender is at higher risk than male.
How is Rheumatoid Arthritis treated?
The treatment goal of RA is to relieve the pain, reduce swelling and slow down the joint
damage. Most commonly used medications are:
1. Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) – reduce the inflammation, the amount
of swelling, and relief pain.
2. Corticosteroids – reduce inflammation, swelling and relief pain.
3. Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDS) and biologic response modifiers
(biologics) – to reduce inflammation, swelling, pain and slow or prevent joint damage by
target specific protein in the inflammatory process.
- National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and skin disease:
Crohn’s disease is a chronic, or long-lasting inflammatory disease that causes inflammation,
irritation and swelling of your digestive tract. Crohn’s disease can affect any area of the intestinal tract from mouth to anus. It is more commonly affects the lower part of the small intestines. The most common symptoms of
Crohn’s disease are diarrhea, cramping, pain in the abdominal area and weight loss. The cause of Crohn’s Disease is unknown. It may be due to abnormal immune reaction of your body, genetically inherited from your family or other environmental causes.
How is Crohn’s Disease treated?
There’s no cure for Crohn’s disease. Oftentimes doctors treat Crohn’s disease with medicines, bowel rest and surgery to decrease the inflammation of your intestines and prevent flare-up of the symptoms. There’s no real standard of treatment, and treatment choices varies from patient to patient.
Some of the common medications used:
1. Aminosalicylates (5-ASA) – reduce inflammation, prevent relapse and works best in
2. Corticosteroids – available orally and topically to reduce inflammation and suppress the
3. Immunomodulators – suppress the immune system often used in people of whom
Aminosalicylates and corticosteroids are not effective
4. Antibiotics – prevent or treat bacterial infection of the GI tract
5. Biologic therapies (biologics) – stop certain proteins in the body that cause inflammation
- National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (NIDDK):